Crofting is a form of land tenure and a way of life. Traditionally it was a subsistence lifestyle. Crofters grew hay, corn ( oats), turnips potatoes and other crops. They usually had sheep and cattle and shared common grazings on hill ground. Peat banks provided winter fuel.
Until the Crofting Act of 1886 tenants had no security of tenure and life was harsh. In 1848 Coigach became one of the first communities in the Highlands to actively resist evictions.
Nowadays there are fewer crofters and almost all will have other jobs and sources of income.